Wonderfully delicious, almonds have long been revered as the epitome of wellness and health. The nuts are among the richest sources of health-benefiting nutrients essential for optimum health. Its plant is a small deciduous tree, native to mineral-rich West-Asian mountain ranges that provide fertile conditions favorable for their growth. In recent years, it is being cultivated in many regions of the world as an important commercial crop.
Botanically, they are the fruits from species of tree belonging to the family of Rosaceae, of Genus: Prunus. Scientific name: Prunus dulcis.
During spring season, the tree bears whitish-pink flowers that ultimately become fruits by autumn. In structure, the fruit is a drupe. A single edible seed (kernel), known as ‘almond nut’, is actually enclosed inside the stony hard shell. Almond kernel features oval to conical in shape, brown in color, measuring about 2 cms in length and 1 cm in breadth and weigh about 1 to 1.5 g.